With less than five days remaining until the highly anticipated October 10, 2023 elections, much focus is being directed towards the Lofa Senate race, which involves four prominent candidates out of the current pool of seven contenders. The individuals who are considered as leading contenders in the election are Moses Y. Kollie, representing the governing Coalition for Democratic Change, Momo Cyrus, an Independent candidate, Glakapai Kortamai, also an independent candidate, and the incumbent Stephen Zargo, who is the Unity Party’s Senatorial Candidate.
By James P. Kwabo, Jr Ba, Mpa, Chief Executive Officer, Alternative Youth Radio, Zorzor, Lofa County
As previously stated in my initial analysis on August 9, 2023, Moses Y. Kollie, of the CDC, was found to have a probability of forty percent for winning the Senatorial election. He was accompanied by Momo Cyrus and Glakapai Kortamai who are both Independent Candidates. They were also followed by incumbent Senator, Stephen Zargo. It has been over a month since the analysis was released by Frontpage Africa, and it has also been over a month since the commencement of the campaign. Multiple aspects, including campaign messaging and voters’ perception, have interacted, warranting a further and conclusive examination to determine the potential electoral outcome for the Senate elections in Lofa County following the October 10, 2023 elections.
In retrospect, within Lofa County, a total of fifty-two individuals are vying for six parliamentary positions. Seven individuals are actively pursuing one Senate seat, while the remaining forty-five candidates are vying for five seats for the House of Representatives. By the end of October 10, 2023, the electoral process would result in the election of a single Senator and five Representatives, while the remaining forty-six candidates would not secure victory.
It is no secret that many electoral contexts in Lofa, such as the upcoming October 10, 2023 election, decision-making process in Lofa is influenced by multiple elements which include, Geopolitical boundaries, which play a significant role in considering the redistribution of power between the Upper (Districts 4 and 5) and Lower Lofa (Districts 1-3) regions. Since 2005, this practice has persisted to the point that, no administrative district or region has retained Senatorial power for more than two consecutive terms but rather, consistently switched Senatorial powers between Upper and Lower Lofa.
For example, in 2011, the seat previously held by Junior Senator Fumbah Kanneh, who hailed from the Lower area, was subsequently filled by another individual from the lower Lofa region, former Senator George Tengbeh. In a same vein, a comparable occurrence took place in 2014, wherein the former Senator Sumo Kupee, hailing from the Upper region, was succeeded by the current Senator Stephen Zargo, also from the Upper region of Lofa. In 2022, a similar political balance of power was observed when Cllr. Joseph K. Jallah, succeeded former Senator George Tengbeh, both from the Lower Lofa region. In the pending elections none of the four major candidates come from the Lower Lofa region.
The Tribal affiliations constitute an additional determinant of election outcomes for the Senate race in Lofa County. Within the pool of the four top candidates, Stephen Zargo, Glakapai Kortamai, and Momo Cyrus, come from the Lorma dominated community while Moses Y. Kollie hails from the Kpelleh community. Throughout history, the Lorma tribe in Lofa has been represented by Senators on two distinct occasions. These instances include the election of Sumo G. Kupee in 2005 and the subsequent election of Stephen Zargo in 2014 while the Kpelleh tribe has made two attempts to secure Senatorial representation, with Stanley Kparkellin as their candidate in 2005 and 2014. However, they have been unable in achieving this political representation thus far.
Another crucial component for consideration especially for the pending elections is the influence and support based from Lower Lofa towards the four top candidates. This is important because, none of the four come from Lower Lofa. According to the available data, Lofa County now has a total of 177,129 registered voters. Among them, the lower Lofa region accounts for 96,160 registered voters, while the upper Lofa region, which includes Districts Four and Five, has a total of 80,969 registered voters. Just as previous elections, Lower Lofa is the most populated electoral region with a difference of 15,191 registered votes compared to Upper Lofa.
The other significant determinant influencing voter decisions, which holds potential significance in the upcoming elections, pertains to party alignment. This is particularly relevant in the context of Lofa, where two prominent and competing political parties, namely the former ruling Unity Party and the Governing Coalition for Democratic Change, are vying for electoral supports for both their Presidential and Legislative interest. In the 2022 Senatorial by-elections, the two political parties engaged in a demonstration of their respective political methods. Notably, the CDC effectively employed its political influence by endorsing and actively campaigning for an independent candidate, Cllr. Joseph K. Jallah, who emerged victorious and secured the Senate seat. In that same by-election, the Unity Party featured now Independent candidate, Galakpai Kortamai as its candidate. Currently, the Unity Party is showcasing the candidacy of the incumbent Senator Stephen Zargo, while the CDC is also featuring the former Representative of Lofa County’s District Number Five, Moses Y. Kollie for the Senate race. Both candidates possess significant legislative experience. While Momo Cyrus and Galakpai Kortamai are competing as Independent candidates.
Predicated upon these prevailing issues, this final analysis delves into a comprehensive examination of the potential of the four primary Senatorial candidates: Incumbent Stephen Zargo; former Representative, Moses Y. Kollie; former Superintendent of Lofa, Galakpai W. Kortamai; and the Chief Executive Officer of the Security Experts Guard of Liberia, Mr. Momo Cyrus.
Since the start of the official campaign, Moses Y. Kollie has persisted in advocating for the need to re-elect President George Weah so that the Lofa County road can be finished as well as the need to ensure ongoing support for youth development and economic empowerment. He thinks that good road connectivity will enhance agricultural activity and significantly increase jobs in the county. Moses has pledged to create laws that will benefit Liberians financially in the sectors of agriculture and food production while also placing a high priority on the supervision of important institutions that will be tasked with carrying out projects on behalf of Lofa County. He has vowed to do everything in his power to ensure that the interests of the Lofa people are prioritized through appropriate representations.
WHAT’S IN FAVOUR OF MOSES
Moses stands out as the only candidate hailing from the Salayea administrative District. In the context of Lofa County, there are several administrative districts that have produced senators, namely Voinjama, Zorzor, Kolahun, Foyah, and Vahun. However, Salayea and Quadu Gboni Administrative Districts in Lofa County stands as an exception to this trend. The senators who have emerged from these districts include Stephen Zargo in Voinjama in 2014, Sumo Kupee in Zorzor in 2005, Joseph K. Jallah in Kolahun in 2022, George Tengbeh in Foyah in 2011, and Fumbah Kanneh in Vahun in 2005. In the realm of decentralization and deconcentrating of Senatorial power, there is a prevailing belief that Moses is being favoured among the other three top candidates. This viewpoint is rooted in the fact that the people of Lofa County have consistently supported these ideals since 2005 and that, no administrative district has produced any Senator two times neither has two Senators come from the same electoral magisterial areas.
During the 2022 Senatorial by-elections, Moses embarked on a campaign across Lofa County with the aim of ensuring that the longstanding aspirations of the Gbandi Chiefdom to have one of their own elected as a Senator would finally come to fruition. In a positive turn of events, Cllr. Joseph K. Jallah emerged victorious in the election does giving Moses and the CDC great admiration from the chiefs and elders of the Gbandi land. At the moment, there exists a belief that the people of the Gbandi land are bound by a sense of obligation to repay a debt known as ‘susu’ to the Salayea Administrative District since the District has not also produced a Senator.
One aspect that works in Moses’ favour is the observation that three out of the four top contenders share the same tribal background and hail from two out of the three administrative districts that have previously been represented by a Senator from their respective regions.
All three of these candidates possess commendable strengths, particularly when evaluating their track records in past elections. In the year 2014, Stephen Zargo emerged victorious over the incumbent Senator Sumo Kupee. Kortamai, finished fourth in the same election and managed to secure second place in subsequent election of 2022. Momo Cyrus finished fourth also in the 2022 by-election. The three individuals are put at a further disadvantage as they compete against a single candidate from the Kpelleh tribe, as well as from a district that had not previously had a Senator.
Also, the current state of disunity within the Unity Party is a matter of concern. It has come to light that certain members of the party are supporting their former candidate, Glakapai Kortamai, instead of rallying behind the incumbent Senator Stephen Zargo, as the party would prefer. Interestingly, this internal discord could potentially work in favour of Moses, as the primary opposition to the CDC in Lofa County happens to be the Unity Party.
The presence of Senator Joseph K. Jallah, who represents the CDC in District Three, along with the CDC’s Representative Candidate in District Three, Mr. Momo Kpoto, and the Friends of Moses Kollie (FOMK), would play a significant role in advancing Kollie’s position within the Gbandi Chiefdom. Similarly, the presence of Hon. Julie Wiah, Hon. Thomas P. Fallah, the FOMK, and the CDC would contribute to Kollie’s remarkable position in Districts Two and One, respectively. In general, it can be observed that Moses is in a favourable position to secure the collective support of the lower Lofa region which would eventually see him taking commanding lead in the lower Lofa region.
WHAT IS AGAINST MOSES.
It is anticipated that Moses Y. Kollie may encounter challenges in garnering significant voter support from the Lorma region, as shown from the historical voting trends and the preferences of the electorate, who prioritize endorsing candidates from their local community. Similar to the situation in the Salayea Administrative District where a majority of the votes are expected to be cast in favour of Moses, it is anticipated that the majority of votes in electoral Districts number four and five, specifically in the Zorzor and Salayea Administrative Districts, would be allocated to Momo Cyrus, Galakpai Kortamai, and the incumbent Stephen Zargo.
There remains a segment of the population within the Salayea Administrative District that continue to express opposition against the candidacy of Moses Kollie. There are some who choose not to support him due to personal motivations, while others argue that his prior experience as a Representative render him ill-suited for the role of Zargo’s replacement. There has been a lack of clear argumentation to dispute the impact of Moses when he served as Representative for District number five however, there is a prevailing belief that he may not be the most suitable candidate to succeed the incumbent, Stephen Zargo.
Furthermore, the choice to include Momo Siafai Kpoto instead of Joseph Copper on the CDC’s ticket in district three, has caused certain supporters of Cooper in District number three to withhold their initial support for Moses. Their rationale is based on the belief that Moses could have influenced the party to select Cooper instead of Kpoto, as they considered Cooper to be the stronger candidate. In a similar vein, a significant portion of the Unity Party’s followers are prepared to cast their ballots for either Momo Cyrus, Glakapai Kortamai, or Stephen Zargo and not Moses Y. Kollie. This decision is based on the fact that Moses, a prominent figure within Lofa County, endorses the re-election campaign of President George Weah rather than the candidacy of Joseph Boakai.
CHANCES OF BEING ELECTED:
As a result of these factors, Chief Moses Y. Kollie is seen as having a good chance of unseating incumbent senator Stephen Zargo in the upcoming elections on October 10, 2023. Unity Party supporters are split between Galakpai Kortamai, Momo Cyrus, and Zargo. The fact that Moses is from Salayea Administrative District, which has not benefited from the decentralization of senatorial power, as shown by previous electoral records, and the fact that the CDC consistently votes for all of its current candidates, in contrast to the Unity Part, which is one of the leading political parties in Lofa County, all put Moses in a position of strength. If the elections on October 10, 2023 go as planned, Moses will have a 39% chance of becoming the next senator of Lofa County.
- Momo T. Cyrus-Independent
Since the commencement of the official campaign, Mr. Momo Cyrus has demonstrated a strong dedication to enhancing the quality of life for the residents of Lofa. He has outlined a number of initiatives aimed at achieving this goal, one of which involves the implementation of a microfinance loan program. He says, the program is specifically designed to empower local businesses, with a particular focus on supporting women entrepreneurs. Although the specific strategies have not been outlined, Cyrus has made commitments to establish a juice factory, establish a commercial bank, and improve the condition of the Lofa road within a timeframe of six to nine months, contingent upon his election. He has also expressed dedication to improving sports and contributing to the improvement of agricultural activities in Lofa County.
WHAT’S IN FAVOUR OF MOMO CYRUS.
Cyrus is among the three candidates representing the Lorma regions of districts four and five and would eventually be one of the major competitors for the fragmentated Lorma-dominated votes between the Zorzor and Voinjama Administrative Districts. Cyrus also attracts support from a segment of the younger population who have an increased attraction towards sports and may have endorsed or actively engaged in the National County Sports event, for which Cyrus served as the chair of the steering committee representing Lofa County.
Cyrus, as an independent candidate, strategically draws support from the Unity Party’s divided votes in the Lorma region. Additionally, he benefits from covert support from some members of the CDC, particularly in the Zorzor administrative area. These CDCians believe that the Lorma tribe, being the largest in Lofa, should retain senatorial power. They consider Stephen Zargo, Glakapai Kortamai, or Momo Cyrus as viable options to retain power for third term.
In the same vein, just the same way Moses has garnered the backing of CDC’s Representative candidate Sekou B. Korleh and some powerful Mandingo chiefs in the Quadu Gboni Administrative District,it is the same way Cyrus has successfully secured the explicit support of incumbent Representative Marimu B. Fofana from the same chiefdom. He has also received comparable endorsements from other political figures, including candidates for the position of Representative in the Kolahun administrative District.
WHAT IS AGAINST CYRUS.
During the 2022 by-elections, Cyrus received five thousand six hundred and eighty-seven (5,687) votes, or 9.55% of the total of sixty thousand three hundred and ninety-four (60,394) valid ballots cast across the five electoral districts. He received 4,011 votes from the upper Lofa region, but only 1,676 votes from the lower Lofa region. This obviously illustrates Cyrus’s dominance in the Upper Lofa region as opposed to the lower Lofa region, which has clearly demonstrated a two-way contest between the Unity Party and the Coalition for Democratic Change. This will have a negative influence on Cyrus’ chances of winning the elections.
The fact that three formidable Lorma candidates—Momo Cyrus, incumbent Senator Stephen Zargo, and Glakapai Kortamai—all hail from the same Upper Lofa region works against him even more. To make matters worse for Cyrus the current Senator, Stephen Zargo, is also from Voinjama, Cyrus’ home district. In practice, no Senator has been re-elected since 2005, and no administrative district has had two sons elected one after the other. With the exception of Salayea and Quadu Gboni Administrative Districts, the Upper Lofa area has produced a Senator-Sumo Kupee from Zorzor and incumbent Stephen Zargo from Voinjama Administrative Districts. The fact that Cyrus has not made an open declaration to support any of the Presidential Candidates in the elections would also have a negative influence on his chances. Many feel Cyrus is playing a scam game on both Joseph Boakai and President George Weah’s supporters, claiming that he supports President Weah’s re-election while also at one pointing and among Boakai’s supporters, that he supports Joseph N. Boakai.
On the other hand, Cyrus has had a very poor rating in Electoral District #1, which currently has 39,844 registered voters. In 2022, for example, Cyrus received only 173 votes, or 1.57%, of the 11,012 votes cast in district one, while the candidates supported by the CDC, Joseph K. Jallah, got 5,017 votes, or 45.56%, and the UP, Glakapai Kortamai, received 5,543 votes, or 50.34%. Similarly, Cyrus has a low rating in District two. In district two, the CDC and UP Candidate received 4,524 (or 44.95%) and 2,858 (or 28.39%) of the total 10,068 valid votes, respectively, while Cyrus received only 626 (or 6.22%). In the same way, Cyrus received 877 (7.05%) of the 12,438 valid votes cast in District three, while the CDC-backed candidate received 8,139 (65.44%), and the UP candidate received 2,524 (20.29%). This shows that Cyrus’s Lower-Lofa performance was not as strong as his work in the Upper Lofa region. Then, even in the upcoming elections, the forces of the CDC vs the UP acting against him remain substantially unchanged.
CHANCES OF BEING ELECTED:
Due to the aforementioned circumstances, it can be concluded that Mr. Momo T. Cyrus would exhibit a formidable electoral performance in the Upper Lofa region. However, it is noticeable that he may encounter disappointment in terms of voter support within the Lower Lofa regions, particularly in Foyah, Vahun, and to some extent, the Gbandi chiefdom. Cyrus’s outcomes may also be influenced by the presence of two significant opposing factions within the Lorma chiefdom, potentially placing him at a disadvantageous position. If these circumstances continue without any substantial indications of change, Cyrus might potentially have a 26% probability of being elected as the Senator of Lofa County and could put him second to the CDC’s Moses Y. Kollie.
- Galakpa W. Kortamai-Independent
Since the start of the official campaign, Mr. Glakapai W. Kortamai has continued to spread the message of job creation in the county, with a plan to ensure that many young people are hired and that these jobs can serve as alternatives to motorcycle riding. Kortamai has also pledged to assist the well-being of the people of Lofa County by ensuring proper representation, effective monitoring, and the passage of laws that prioritize the interests of Lofa’s population. These efforts, he emphasized, are meant to attract much-needed investments to the county, which might eventually lead to the development of rock-crushing and plywood factories, thus bringing considerable economic advantages to Lofa. In an ambitious move, he feels that these investments have the potential to not only provide fresh opportunities but also to empower Lofa’s youth.
WHAT’S IN FAVOUR OF GALAKPAI KORTAMAI
Similar to Cyrus and incumbent Stephen Zargo, Kortamai also hails from the Zorzor Administrative District and given the observed voting trends within the County, it is fair to suggest that he may gain electoral advantages, particularly from the Zorzor Administrative District where he is originally from. He could also get significant advantages from potential support from the Voinjama administrative district, given his extensive tenure of nearly six years as Superintendent of the County and his residence in Voinjama City.
The significant contribution to Kortamai’s second-place achievement in the 2022 Senatorial by-elections may be attributed to the endorsement from former Défense Minister Brownie Samukai and the Unity Party, as well as the positive reputation he garnered during his previous tenure as Superintendent of Lofa. Despite the fact that he is not now benefiting to a significant degree, these factors nevertheless, could still benefit him to a considerable level. Kortamai has established robust interpersonal connections throughout the region, particularly in Voinjama, thereby gaining access to a substantial Lorma population. Brownie J. Samuka, continues to maintain his commitment to Kortamai, a belief system that is thought by many to have influenced Kortamai’s decision to resign from the UP and now contesting as an independent candidate, contrary to the party’s interests. Despite the official endorsement of Stephen Zargo as the Senatorial Candidate by the Unity Party, there is a possibility that Kortamai could receive a significant share of the divided votes within the party.
WHAT IS AGAINST KORTAMAI.
In the 2022 by-elections, Joseph Boakai, the former vice president, openly campaigned for Kortamai, and received 10,925 votes in the lower Lofa region out of the 21,229 votes he received in all five electoral districts during the election. As was evident during the most recent campaign tour of the Unity Party’s political leader, Joseph N. Boakai, when he visited Lofa, Kortamai is not the candidate for the UP unlike last time, and that, such UP-VS CDC political party’s contests he benefited have now been openly shifted to incumbent Senator, Stephen Zargo. This will have a detrimental effect on Kortamai’s chances in the Lower Lofa region. Even though Kortamai ran for office in the lower Lofa region on the UP ticket in the 2022 by-election, Districts two and three did not offer him a sizable number of votes. For instance, In district two, the CDC-backed candidate Joseph K. Jallah defeated Kortamai by 4,524 votes (or 44.95%) to 2,858 votes (or 28.39%) out of the total 10,068 valid votes, and by 8,139 votes (or 65.44%), to 2,524 votes (20.29%) out of the 12,438 valid votes, in district three. He did poorly in both districts two and three despites being on the Unity Party’s ticket, with the exception of District one when Kortamai on the UP’s ticket narrowly defeated CDC-backed candidate Joseph K. Jallah, 5,543 to 5,017 or 45.56%. His battle for support in these areas now that he is an independent candidate may hurt his chances of becoming a senator.
Both the incumbent senator and Independent candidate Momo Cyrus are mounting serious challenges against Kortamai in the Upper Lofa, particularly in the Lorma regions of Zorzor and Voinjama, which are regarded as Unity Party strongholds. Kortamai received 10,304 votes from the Upper region in the 2022 by-election, the majority of which came from the Voinjama and Zorzor Administrative Districts. He will struggle tremendously to sustain such a figure in these places given his absence from the UP ticket and the presence of Zargo and Cyrus with a similar tribal background.
When compared to the geopolitical balance of senatorial power that has been in place since 2005, Kortamai would be further put him in difficult position by the fact that former senator Sumo G. Kupee formerly represented the same district (Zorzor) that Kortamai is from as well. As was already mentioned, no senator from Lofa has been re-elected since 2005, and no administrative district has ever had two sons elected continuously. The Upper Lofa region has produced two senators, incumbent Stephen Zargo from Voinjama Administrative Districts and Sumo Kupee from Zorzor Administrative Districts, with the exception of Salayea and Quadu Gboni Administrative Districts. This is potentially going to negatively affect the chances of Kortamai.
CHANCES OF BEING ELECTED:
Based on the circumstances mentioned, it can be concluded that Mr. Glakapai W. Kortamai is likely to have a strong showing in the Upper Lofa region, specifically in the Zorzor Administrative District. However, it is worth noting that he may face challenges in obtaining sufficient voter support in the Lower Lofa regions, particularly in the Gbandi Chiefdom, Vahun, and to a lesser extent, Foyah and Quadu Gboni in District number four. Similar to Cyrus, the outcomes of Kortamai’s endeavours may also be subject to the influence of two prominent opposing factions within the Lorma chiefdom. This situation could potentially put him in a position that is not advantageous. In the event that the current circumstances persist without any significant signs of change, it is likely that Kortamai could potentially secure a 25% chance of being elected as the Senator of Lofa County which could possibly lead him to a third place after Momo Cyrus.
- STEPHEN ZARGO-Unity party
Since the beginning of the official campaign, incumbent Senator Stephen Zargo has been tirelessly campaigning for his re-election, as well as for the election of the Unity Party’s political leader, Joseph N. Boakai, to the presidency. Zargo believes he deserves a second term in order to continue the progress he has made since defeating former Senator of Lofa County, Professor Sumo G. Kupee in 2014. Zargo has served as a senator for nearly nine years and believes he has delivered on his promises of providing representations, oversight, and law-making. Zargo asserts that he has worked very hard to implement several projects, including the construction of seven dormitories at the former Lofa County Community College, now Lofa County University. He believes that with Joseph Boakai as President and himself as Senator, they can guarantee that Lofa receives the necessary support.
WHAT’S IN FAVOUR OF STEPHEN ZARGO
Stephen Zargo, similar to Kortamai and Cyrus, might potentially receive electoral benefits, notably from the Voinjama Administrative District where he is originally from.
Zargo initiated his initial venture into the political landscape of Lofa in the year 2011, whereupon he secured the runner-up position, trailing behind former Senator George Tengbeh. Zargo received a total of 13,536 votes, which accounted for approximately 14.81% of the legitimate votes cast, amounting to 91,401. Zargo was elected in 2014 as a candidate representing the Liberty Party. Among the 48,812 valid votes cast, Zargo emerged as the victor with 12,797 votes, accounting for 26.2% of the total. This secured Zargo’s position ahead of eight other candidates, including Glakapai Kortamai, during the 2014 election. It can be argued that Zargo continues to receive support from a portion of individuals who backed him in 2014.
In light of the prevailing political dynamics between the Unity Party and the contested Liberty Party faction, led by Senator Nyonblee Kangar Lawrence, Zargo benefits from an unrestricted electoral campaign, which is further bolstered by the active participation of other influential members within the Unity Party, notably former Vice President Joseph N. Boakai, who has been campaigning for Zargo, during his recent visit to Lofa. Despite facing opposition from Kortamai, Zargo continues to receive support from those who adhere to party discipline and disagree with Glakapai Kortamai’s decision to run against Zargo believing that, the action of Kortamai runs counter to the original purpose of the collaborations between the UP and the faction of the Liberty Party led by Senator Kangar Lawrence.
WHAT IS AGAINST ZARGO.
Zargo, as an incumbent, has been subject to the unique political practice in Lofa County since 2005, when the re-election of Senators is discouraged in favor of a rotational system. This system aims to ensure a balanced distribution of power among different geopolitical factions within the county. This will have a significant impact on the likelihood of Zargo’s success. Moreover, Zargo belongs to the Lorma ethnic group, which comprises three viable candidates, including himself, from the same background. Taking into considering the prevailing pattern of fragmented voting among the three candidates, this factor might potentially hinder Zargo’s prospects of securing re-election.
Also, the radio statements made by Zargo, wherein he encourages the citizens of Lofa County to refrain from electing a Senator of Kpelleh ethnicity, have gotten significant criticism from several sources, both within and beyond the boundaries of Lofa County. The comment made by Zargo may have negative implications for his reputation within the Kpelleh Chiefdom.
Despite receiving support from the Unity Party, Zargo’s campaign has faced significant criticism from individuals including, Brownie Samukai, leading them to endorse Glakapai Kortamai as an Independent Candidate. This has resulted in a division among the Unity Party’s support base. According to the well-known proverb, a divided house is prone to collapse. In the context of Zargo and Kortamai vying for the support of the same electorate, it is likely that this could negatively affect Zargo and Kortamai.
CHANCES OF BEING ELECTED:
Based on the aforementioned circumstances, it can be deduced that Incumbent Senator Stephen Zargo is expected to exhibit a minimum performance District, as well as to some extent in the Lower Lofa region, provided that the variables pertaining to the contest between the UP and CDC parties continue to exist. Nevertheless, it is important to acknowledge that he might encounter obstacles in obtaining adequate voter backing from the Unity Party, especially party leaders and individuals from upper Lofa. Just with Cyrus and Kortamai, the outcomes of Zargo’s attempts may likewise be influenced by two important opposing groups within the Lorma chiefdom. This scenario has the potential to place him in a disadvantageous position. If the present conditions go through without notable indications of change, it is likely that Zargo may attain a 10% probability of re-election as the Senator of Lofa County does pushing him to a fourth place after Kortamai.